LAW: This course will introduce students to the study of
the Constitution of the United Kingdom. What makes this course particularly
challenging and exciting is the fact that the UK Constitution is not contained
in one single document or one single volume, but has developed over the history
of the UK. An understanding of British politics, history, current affairs and
debates involving constitutional issues and reforms will be very helpful for
those taking this course. The main substance of this course includes :
characteristics and sources of the Constitution, the Executive and
Administration branches and their area of control, the Legislature, the citizen
and the state, the implications of membership in the European Union and how it
influences changes in the Constitution, and the structure of the European Union,
its institutions, law-making power and the relationship between law of the
member communities and national law.
CONTRACT LAW: This course aims to explore and assist in comprehending the
basic principles of English Law as they apply to contracts generally, and to
acquire an understanding in the legal basis of all commercial transactions.
Unlike criminal law, contract law gives wide discretion and latitude to judges.
You will discover what factors judges may, or may not, consider when exercising
this discretion. There is also consideration of the impact of the European Union
on the law of contract.
The study of criminal law provides a wide range of unique
insights and case law. The rules of law and their application, need to be
adapted to modern day circumstances. The tension between the authority of law
and the adaptation to modern day circumstances is the source of genuine
understanding of criminal law. The goal of this course is to aid in the
development of skills enabling students to not only understand and analyze
substantive rules of law, but to also become familiar with the modern common law
approach to developing legal rules. While no prior knowledge of law is required
to study criminal law, it is certainly helpful to have some understanding of how
the courts, prosecution, police and attorneys work. An excellent partner course
is ENGLISH LEGAL SYSTEM.
COMMON LAW REASONING: This course offers a complex area of study
reflecting both the politics and past history of the United Kingdom, and how
each influenced the other. Specifically, this course will cover, judges and
judicial reasoning, the criminal process, court procedures and structure, legal
services, civil process, and the appellate process. It is helpful for students
to have a base knowledge about the various divisions of English law, various
meanings and definitions of the term "common law", and an awareness of
other sources of law besides the sources of statute and judicial decisions.
PART II SECOND AND THIRD YEAR COURSES
SECOND YEAR LAW STUDENTS MAY CHOSE EITHER SCHEDULE A (2 COURSES), SCHEDULE B
(3 COURSES), OR SCHEDULE C (4 COURSES).
The law of torts will introduce you to civil liability for
wrongful infliction of injury. Generally, a claim in tort is one of damages or
monetary compensation, by a plaintiff who has suffered damages or loss by reason
of the wrongful (or tortuous) conduct of the defendant. Students will be
expected to become familiar with statutes and precedents and the development of
law through the cases. Students will have to consider the directions which the
courts are taking in the development of common law principals, the social
purposes which the law of torts serves, and what its role is today, particularly
when there are other sources of compensation such as social security, private
insurance, unemployment, etc.
LAND LAW: Land law is concerned with the nature and apportionment of the
various interests that may exist in land; the principles (but not the details)
ruling the creation, transfer and extinction of these interests; the relation of
those interests to one another and the extent to which, under the circumstances,
they are enforceable. This course will be challenging for students who have
little practical experience regarding the complexity of land law.
LAW OF TRUSTS: A trust establishes a method of holding property such as family property. Students will be expected to appreciate the historical context of trusts together with an outline of the role of taxation. Key areas students will learn deal with hypothetical fact situations, requirement for a valid trust, the powers & role of the trustee. Remedies will also be examined.
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Administrative law insures that any actions or
decisions taken by government are lawful. When those decisions are not,
administrative law provides a format to address grievances. This course will
have the student examine the ways in which law controls and is used in the
process of government, including a plethora of redressing mechanisms such as
judicial review, tribunals and the like. Attention is paid to the principles and
procedures of judicial review under RSC Order 53.
COMMERCIAL LAW: This course will instruct about obligations between
parties to commercial transactions as well as the relationship with rules of
personal property in commercial transactions. The student will acquire a
knowledge of the rules of law to achieve practical solutions to practical
problems. Students are expected to become familiar with the implications of
ownership, title to goods, the transfer of title on all parties, the passing of
property between buyer and seller, the significance of possession and the
responsibility of risk of loss or damage to goods and its transfer from one
party to another. Familiarity with the ideas underlying contract, trust, land
and tort law will be useful.
EU LAW: EU
Law is not a compulsory subject but according to the University of London
External Programme, "...but students must pass EU law if they wish to have
a Qualifying Law Degree in England and Wales.")
The aim of this course is to provide an introduction to the law
of the European Union ("EU"), which is a new legal system with some of
the characteristics of international law in combination with some of the
characteristics of a national legal system based on a written constitution. As
EU law is constantly evolving in relation to economic and social changes, the
student will examine that relationship between EU law and national law. This
course focuses attention on legal rules and judicial decisions in addition to
the way EU law works in its social, political and economic context.
CRIMINOLOGY: Criminology is the umbrella for understanding crime and the
state’s handling of crime and related matters. The student will explore the
relationship between the individual who breaks the law and the operation of the
state’s power to lay down laws and punishment for breaches of those laws.
Study will include material which may verge on the political, the sociological
and philosophical, the technical and rhetorical. The study of criminology is
unlike any other LL.B. subjects in that it is not the study of law per se, but
the study of a whole area of interaction between a system of law and society at
large. The student needs to be prepared to step outside the confines of legal
thought and tackle not only issues relating to theories of social policy and
organization which are sometimes controversial, but also be willing to explore
questions regarding social control, style of policing, and community involvement
in the justice system.
CONTRACT LAW: This course aims to explore and comprehend the basic
principles of English Law as they apply to contracts generally, and to acquire
an understanding in the legal basis of all commercial transactions. Unlike
criminal law, contract law gives wide discretion and latitude to judges. You
will discover what factors judges may, or may not, consider when exercising this
discretion. There is also consideration of the impact of the European Union on
the law of contract.
An understanding of the law of evidence is highly relevant to
actual day-to-day legal practice. This course explores questions arising
primarily from the amassing and proving of facts in court. The problems are a
compelling mixture of the practical such as, "What constitutes an item of
evidence?", "How do you present evidence in court?" and
"What is a jury permitted to hear?" to the abstract and academic such
as, "What is a fact" and "What does it mean when evidence is
considered ‘prejudicial’?". This course will inform about a network of
rules designed to protect a defendant and insure a fair trial.
Family law effects every member of society, no matter who,
from cradle to grave, and occupies a central position in the lives of everyone.
Being so fundamental to society, family law is deeply influenced by ever
changing social mores and values. Historically, family law was greatly connected
to religious beliefs. However, in the past century, while the influence of
religion is still present, other influences such as psychology and sociology,
have increased in significance. This course will give a thorough understanding
of the legal principles behind family relationships and the interrelationship
with the state.
COMPANY LAW: This area of law is fast-moving and legislative change is
frequent as a result of pressure for reform and the EU. The course will explore
the ways in which law regulates companies and the facilities which the law
offers to those in business including duties of disclosure, limited liability,
transferability of shares and the relationship between shareholders and the
who run the company. The common law aspects of company law use concepts from
contract, trusts, tort and public law. This course if of great practical value.
JURISPRUDENCE & LEGAL THEORY:
Students will be given a basic
understanding about the nature of law, its place in society and how a legal
system operates both as a system of rules and regulations and as a social
institution. Students will examine the relationship between law, morality and
values, and the administration of justice. Jurisprudence includes the study of
ideas of a number of thinkers and philosophers on these relationships and
issues, and encourages students to reflect critically on them.
CONFLICT OF LAWS: Conflict of laws, also known as private international
law, is the study of the body of rules applied by the English courts to cases
with a foreign element. Conflict of laws may be used to answer: whether the
English court should hear the case at all; where it does hear the case, what law
should apply; and whether a judgment, decree or award of a foreign court or
tribunal should be recognized and enforced. The conflict of laws covers all
branches of domestic private laws, noting that there have been substantial
changes in this field over the past 20 years.
HISTORY OF ENGLISH LAW:
This course is more akin to the study of history
than the study of law and thus requires some knowledge and appreciation of
general historical and political development. This course focuses on the origins
of common law, from its effective beginnings in the royal courts during the
first two centuries following the Norman Conquest, to the present.
This course will examine the myriad of ways in which the law
regulates the operation of the labor market in general and the employment
relationship in particular, including the issues of the contract of employment,
unfair dismissal, equal pay, and sex and race discrimination. A working
knowledge of the law of contracts is essential. A willingness to grapple with EU
law is also important because the EU is assuming a growing role in the
regulation of employment relationships.
PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW: The study of public international law will
provide you with an understanding of the critical role of law in contemporary
international society. Attention will be on the relations between states, and
also on the role of the United Nations and other international organizations
and, in the fields of human rights and international criminal law, the rights
and duties of individuals. The knowledge of international law is essential to an
informed understanding of international affairs and is increasingly important to
practitioners working in a modern legal environment.
This is a rapidly expanding body of law covering a
wide range of rights. By their nature, theses rights are intangible and diverse
and consist of subject matter such as invention, innovation, creative and
entrepreneurial authorship, trade reputation , good will, patents, trademarks,
copyrights, passing off, injurious falsehood and breach of confidence.
ENVIRONMENTAL & PLANNING LAW: This course provides students with a
general knowledge of the framework which structures and regulates land use and
the environment. The course will not only provide an understanding of the legal
concepts and processes which have been developed, but also of the problems
involved in defining and enforcing environmental standards.
INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC
This course offers an
overview of Islamic law covering religious, historical and contemporary
influences, including the early history of Islamic law, the emergence of
different schools of Islamic law, and the application of Islamic law in
contemporary jurisdictions from the Middle East and South Asia.
The question of succession is of great
importance in any legal system and must answer the basic question "Who is
entitled to a person’s property after their death?" Everyone is effected
in one way or another by the operation of inheritance laws and many will be
beneficiaries or have their own beneficiaries during the course of their lives.
This course will explore what happens when a person dies without leaving a valid
will (intestate), dies leaving a valid will (testate) or a combination of the