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George D.Pappas

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The International Center for Legal Studies, LLC
Suite B-138
129 Bleachery Blvd.,
Asheville, NC 28805
Tel. 828-505-3596
Fax (828) 471-3999





ICLS offers year round study through monthly online lectures given by world-class British and American Lawyers, Barristers and educators, monthly online class assignments, online live law conferences, essay exams and special guest lectures.



All ICLS students will be given a Lexis-Nexis account for legal research purposes. Lexis-Nexis is an online legal research database, giving you access to cases, statutes, UK Law Journals and rulings for your law studies and exam preparation. 











PUBLIC LAW: This course will introduce students to the study of the Constitution of the United Kingdom. What makes this course particularly challenging and exciting is the fact that the UK Constitution is not contained in one single document or one single volume, but has developed over the history of the UK. An understanding of British politics, history, current affairs and debates involving constitutional issues and reforms will be very helpful for those taking this course. The main substance of this course includes : characteristics and sources of the Constitution, the Executive and Administration branches and their area of control, the Legislature, the citizen and the state, the implications of membership in the European Union and how it influences changes in the Constitution, and the structure of the European Union, its institutions, law-making power and the relationship between law of the member communities and national law.

CONTRACT LAW: This course aims to explore and assist in comprehending the basic principles of English Law as they apply to contracts generally, and to acquire an understanding in the legal basis of all commercial transactions. Unlike criminal law, contract law gives wide discretion and latitude to judges. You will discover what factors judges may, or may not, consider when exercising this discretion. There is also consideration of the impact of the European Union on the law of contract.

CRIMINAL LAW: The study of criminal law provides a wide range of unique insights and case law. The rules of law and their application, need to be adapted to modern day circumstances. The tension between the authority of law and the adaptation to modern day circumstances is the source of genuine understanding of criminal law. The goal of this course is to aid in the development of skills enabling students to not only understand and analyze substantive rules of law, but to also become familiar with the modern common law approach to developing legal rules. While no prior knowledge of law is required to study criminal law, it is certainly helpful to have some understanding of how the courts, prosecution, police and attorneys work. An excellent partner course is ENGLISH LEGAL SYSTEM.

COMMON LAW REASONING: This course offers a complex area of study reflecting both the politics and past history of the United Kingdom, and how each influenced the other. Specifically, this course will cover, judges and judicial reasoning, the criminal process, court procedures and structure, legal services, civil process, and the appellate process. It is helpful for students to have a base knowledge about the various divisions of English law, various meanings and definitions of the term "common law", and an awareness of other sources of law besides the sources of statute and judicial decisions.









































TORTS: The law of torts will introduce you to civil liability for wrongful infliction of injury. Generally, a claim in tort is one of damages or monetary compensation, by a plaintiff who has suffered damages or loss by reason of the wrongful (or tortuous) conduct of the defendant. Students will be expected to become familiar with statutes and precedents and the development of law through the cases. Students will have to consider the directions which the courts are taking in the development of common law principals, the social purposes which the law of torts serves, and what its role is today, particularly when there are other sources of compensation such as social security, private insurance, unemployment, etc.

LAND LAW: Land law is concerned with the nature and apportionment of the various interests that may exist in land; the principles (but not the details) ruling the creation, transfer and extinction of these interests; the relation of those interests to one another and the extent to which, under the circumstances, they are enforceable. This course will be challenging for students who have little practical experience regarding the complexity of land law.

LAW OF TRUSTS: A trust establishes a method of holding property such as family property. Students will be expected to appreciate the historical context of trusts together with an outline of the role of taxation. Key areas students will learn deal with hypothetical fact situations, requirement for a valid trust, the powers & role of the trustee. Remedies will also be examined.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Administrative law insures that any actions or decisions taken by government are lawful. When those decisions are not, administrative law provides a format to address grievances. This course will have the student examine the ways in which law controls and is used in the process of government, including a plethora of redressing mechanisms such as judicial review, tribunals and the like. Attention is paid to the principles and procedures of judicial review under RSC Order 53.

COMMERCIAL LAW: This course will instruct about obligations between parties to commercial transactions as well as the relationship with rules of personal property in commercial transactions. The student will acquire a knowledge of the rules of law to achieve practical solutions to practical problems. Students are expected to become familiar with the implications of ownership, title to goods, the transfer of title on all parties, the passing of property between buyer and seller, the significance of possession and the responsibility of risk of loss or damage to goods and its transfer from one party to another. Familiarity with the ideas underlying contract, trust, land and tort law will be useful.

EU LAW: EU Law is not a compulsory subject but according to the University of London External Programme, "...but students must pass EU law if they wish to have a Qualifying Law Degree in England and Wales.") The aim of this course is to provide an introduction to the law of the European Union ("EU"), which is a new legal system with some of the characteristics of international law in combination with some of the characteristics of a national legal system based on a written constitution. As EU law is constantly evolving in relation to economic and social changes, the student will examine that relationship between EU law and national law. This course focuses attention on legal rules and judicial decisions in addition to the way EU law works in its social, political and economic context.

CRIMINOLOGY: Criminology is the umbrella for understanding crime and the state’s handling of crime and related matters. The student will explore the relationship between the individual who breaks the law and the operation of the state’s power to lay down laws and punishment for breaches of those laws. Study will include material which may verge on the political, the sociological and philosophical, the technical and rhetorical. The study of criminology is unlike any other LL.B. subjects in that it is not the study of law per se, but the study of a whole area of interaction between a system of law and society at large. The student needs to be prepared to step outside the confines of legal thought and tackle not only issues relating to theories of social policy and organization which are sometimes controversial, but also be willing to explore questions regarding social control, style of policing, and community involvement in the justice system.

CONTRACT LAW: This course aims to explore and comprehend the basic principles of English Law as they apply to contracts generally, and to acquire an understanding in the legal basis of all commercial transactions. Unlike criminal law, contract law gives wide discretion and latitude to judges. You will discover what factors judges may, or may not, consider when exercising this discretion. There is also consideration of the impact of the European Union on the law of contract.

EVIDENCE: An understanding of the law of evidence is highly relevant to actual day-to-day legal practice. This course explores questions arising primarily from the amassing and proving of facts in court. The problems are a compelling mixture of the practical such as, "What constitutes an item of evidence?", "How do you present evidence in court?" and "What is a jury permitted to hear?" to the abstract and academic such as, "What is a fact" and "What does it mean when evidence is considered ‘prejudicial’?". This course will inform about a network of rules designed to protect a defendant and insure a fair trial.

FAMILY LAW: Family law effects every member of society, no matter who, from cradle to grave, and occupies a central position in the lives of everyone. Being so fundamental to society, family law is deeply influenced by ever changing social mores and values. Historically, family law was greatly connected to religious beliefs. However, in the past century, while the influence of religion is still present, other influences such as psychology and sociology, have increased in significance. This course will give a thorough understanding of the legal principles behind family relationships and the interrelationship with the state.

COMPANY LAW: This area of law is fast-moving and legislative change is frequent as a result of pressure for reform and the EU. The course will explore the ways in which law regulates companies and the facilities which the law offers to those in business including duties of disclosure, limited liability, transferability of shares and the relationship between shareholders and the directors

who run the company. The common law aspects of company law use concepts from contract, trusts, tort and public law. This course if of great practical value.

JURISPRUDENCE & LEGAL THEORY: Students will be given a basic understanding about the nature of law, its place in society and how a legal system operates both as a system of rules and regulations and as a social institution. Students will examine the relationship between law, morality and values, and the administration of justice. Jurisprudence includes the study of ideas of a number of thinkers and philosophers on these relationships and issues, and encourages students to reflect critically on them.

CONFLICT OF LAWS: Conflict of laws, also known as private international law, is the study of the body of rules applied by the English courts to cases with a foreign element. Conflict of laws may be used to answer: whether the English court should hear the case at all; where it does hear the case, what law should apply; and whether a judgment, decree or award of a foreign court or tribunal should be recognized and enforced. The conflict of laws covers all branches of domestic private laws, noting that there have been substantial changes in this field over the past 20 years.

HISTORY OF ENGLISH LAW: This course is more akin to the study of history than the study of law and thus requires some knowledge and appreciation of general historical and political development. This course focuses on the origins of common law, from its effective beginnings in the royal courts during the first two centuries following the Norman Conquest, to the present.

LABOUR LAW: This course will examine the myriad of ways in which the law regulates the operation of the labor market in general and the employment relationship in particular, including the issues of the contract of employment, unfair dismissal, equal pay, and sex and race discrimination. A working knowledge of the law of contracts is essential. A willingness to grapple with EU law is also important because the EU is assuming a growing role in the regulation of employment relationships.

PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW: The study of public international law will provide you with an understanding of the critical role of law in contemporary international society. Attention will be on the relations between states, and also on the role of the United Nations and other international organizations and, in the fields of human rights and international criminal law, the rights and duties of individuals. The knowledge of international law is essential to an informed understanding of international affairs and is increasingly important to practitioners working in a modern legal environment.

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: This is a rapidly expanding body of law covering a wide range of rights. By their nature, theses rights are intangible and diverse and consist of subject matter such as invention, innovation, creative and entrepreneurial authorship, trade reputation , good will, patents, trademarks, copyrights, passing off, injurious falsehood and breach of confidence.

ENVIRONMENTAL & PLANNING LAW: This course provides students with a general knowledge of the framework which structures and regulates land use and the environment. The course will not only provide an understanding of the legal concepts and processes which have been developed, but also of the problems involved in defining and enforcing environmental standards.

INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC LAW: This course offers an overview of Islamic law covering religious, historical and contemporary influences, including the early history of Islamic law, the emergence of different schools of Islamic law, and the application of Islamic law in contemporary jurisdictions from the Middle East and South Asia.

SUCCESSION: The question of succession is of great importance in any legal system and must answer the basic question "Who is entitled to a person’s property after their death?" Everyone is effected in one way or another by the operation of inheritance laws and many will be beneficiaries or have their own beneficiaries during the course of their lives. This course will explore what happens when a person dies without leaving a valid will (intestate), dies leaving a valid will (testate) or a combination of the two.





Message From The Pro-Vice Chancellor University of London International Programmes

ICLS Executive Director Sworn Into U.S. Supreme Court

"ICLS is a world class
e-learning center offering an outstanding opportunity to earn a British law degree from your home or office."

"ICLS gave me the edge to succeed in the study of law."

Laura Ruberto, ICLS and UOL LL.B. Graduate 2009

Barrister and Solicitor at Law (Upper Ontario Bar)

2012 ICLS Graduate


"Through ICLS I was able to accomplish what many struggle to do alone - get my LLB from UOL International Programmes. The help and guidance I received from actual University of London tutors was what made this possible. Anyone thinking about pursuing a degree with UoL should consider ICLS. The inability to properly answer exam questions is the most common cause of failure and ICLS provides what the University cannot - feedback and criticism of writing technique when attempting an examination question. The lectures are also an asset to anyone who struggles to read and retain an abundance of reading material. Thanks to ICLS I am now a UOL graduate, and couldn't be prouder!"

Alexx Allen - Chattanooga, TN USA

2012 ICLS and UoL LL.B. Graduate

"You have made it much easier for me to begin revising for my examinations in June.  I know that it must have been an exhausting weekend, and appreciate your efforts all the more!  Your written material is excellent, and will assist me in organizing my studies.  I hope to have the pleasure of participating in a weekend next year..."

Wendy Gaonac'h  ICLS Review Weekend 2007 Student

ICLS Writing Workshop Equips Students

"I just wanted to say Thank You to you and your team for executing such a productive weekend...  Saturday was very intensive and by the end of the writing session I felt confident in myself, as I learned the techniques only ICLS could have taught. I now know what the examiners are looking for and most of all I understand how to organize the vast information I have per subject. You were organized, enthusiastic and addressed relevant issues. I am looking forward to the March Seminar. Thank you once again."


A. Hussain

ICLS (Second Year) Student 2007


August 7, 2006: ICLS  launched its new e-learning platform September 1, 2006.  According to George Pappas ICLS Executive Director, "ICLS has developed an e-learning platform unseen by the LL.B. learning community. Our students world wide will benefit significantly from this latest innovation.  Our continued focus on value remains undiminished." 


The Old Bailey


June 2006: ICLS provides live face to face legal writing workshops and selected LL.B. revision courses in addition to it's online legal programme. 

According to George Pappas, ICLS Executive Director, "ICLS will provide expanded teaching without any additional cost to ICLS students.  ICLS is going to do whatever it takes to increase the value of it's legal program.  We're excited about supporting our online programme with brick and mortar learning.  What's great about this development is that all ICLS students world wide will benefit since similarly registered ICLS students will receive the same review materials from any live workshops at no additional cost."



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The International Center for Legal Studies, LLC ("ICLS") provides teaching for students seeking to earn a British law degree.  As a 'tutorial college", while ICLS teaches and provides an integrated legal program, applicants are expressly advised that ICLS does not confer any law degree.  Students enrolled with ICLS are registered with a British based University law degree program.  Students enrolled with ICLS receive their law degree from their British University.  ICLS does not provide legal advice.  Applicants seeking bar admission information are advised to contact the bar authorities for the jurisdiction which they seek admission.  Students and applicants are solely responsible for ascertaining bar admission rules with respect to their individual credentials. ICLS provides online law  school tutoring together with individual mentoring and face to face learning.

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