FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
A bachelors of law, or 'Legum
Baccalaureus' in the Latinate.
The LL.B. is the law degree
that meets the legal education requirements in nearly every country that
the Common Law of England. One notable exception is the United States. Until the mid 1960ís, the LL.B.
degree was also conferred in the USA. (A visit to the U.S. Supreme Court will
reveal the most past and even current Justices hold an LL.B, not a J.D. law
degree). Around that time U.S. law schools
began to offer law graduates the option to earn a JD degree instead. In fact,
many American law schools continue to offer their law graduates the option of
earning an LL.B. or a JD. The real question is, is there a difference?
By and large, this is merely an
issue of semantics and the JD is not deemed to be of lesser standing than the
more traditional LL.B. The American Heritage Dictionary (Second Edition)
defines the Juris Doctorate as, "An academic degree that is the
equivalent of a [LL.B.]." In the United States, as with the rest of the
common law world, the advanced law degree above the JD continues to be the LL.M.,
or Master of Law. The degree above that is the SJD, JSD or LL.D. - true
"Doctor of Laws" degree.
Advanced Placement (AP) Examination of
the American College Board, provided that at least two full subjects are
passed with grades 3,4 or 5 (with the exception of Studio Art).
Passes in five acceptable Grade 12 courses provided that at least seventy percent
is achieved in each of those courses.
Passes in five acceptable subjects in the Senior Secondary Graduation Diploma,
provided that no less than a grade B is achieved in each of those subjects.
No less than five credits at the 300 Level in at least four subjects areas in
the High School Graduation Diploma, provided that at least seventy percent is
achieved in each of those subjects.
Passes in five acceptable subjects in the High School Graduation Diploma,
provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those subjects.
Passes in a least five acceptable subjects in the Grade 12 High School
Diploma, provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those
Passes in five acceptable Grade 12 subjects in Honours University Preparatory
Courses or in University Preparatory Courses in the High School Completion
Certificate, provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those
Passes in six Ontario Academic Courses (OAC's), provided that at least seventy
percent is achieved in each of those courses.
Prince Edward Island:
Passes in five acceptable Grade 12 subjects in the High School Graduation
Diploma, provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those
Diplome d'Etudes Collegiales (DEC) [Diploma of Collegial Studies].
Passes in five acceptable subjects of Division IV standing, provided that at
least seventy percent is achieved in each of those subjects.
For information about other countries and regions please contact the
ICLS admissions office -
Depending upon the route you
choose, the LL.B. degree takes between two to four years of study. However, ICLS
recommends that if you study full time, you may want to choose the three year
track, and if you study part-time, you may want to choose the four year
track. This will allow you ample time to study and absorb the course material
suggestion does not apply to the Graduate Entry Option - see below.
An LL.B. earned from a UK law
school by itself will not permit you to sit for a bar exam in the USA, unless it was
earned in residence, full or part-time, at the institution; however,
there are States that will permit you to sit for the bar by continuing your
education and obtaining an LL.M. degree from a US ABA APPROVED law school. There
are also U.S. states that will allow you to sit for the bar exam with an LL.B. by
earning an additional specific number of law school course credits.
Students or applicants to ICLS are solely responsible for contacting the bar
authorities in the jurisdiction they seek admission to for an official
answer regarding bar admission rules.
Yes, you can. Many LL.B. law
graduates go on to earn advanced degrees such as the LL.M. What many law
school admissions committees
require is that your first law degree must be from a recognized, fully accredited
University in a Common Law jurisdiction.
Students from around the world
study with ICLS. It makes no difference whether you live in Hong Kong,
New York, Toronto or London: you can study with ICLS because we support you
online and individually via Skype or Telephone. In fact, our individual
mentors provide academic support to students not normally offered by
traditional brick and mortar teaching methods.
You will also be given ICLS
lectures every month by experienced law professors, barristers.
In addition, ICLS has
developed a fully interactive e-learning format from which you will be able
to converse with your
fellow classmates and lecturers to discuss lectures, lessons, assignments and
No. As with most law schools,
your final grades are based solely upon your final examinations. These final
exams are proctored and conveniently scheduled during May and June of each
year at test sites throughout the world, as arranged by the University of
London International Programmes. Many major cities in the United States and Canada have at least one
test center location.
No, but you should have some
familiarity with the following:
Basic word processing
A sound knowledge of the
procedures for sending/receiving email, including email with attached
A fundamental awareness of
common computing terms
General familiarity with your
hardware, software, and operating system
Flexibility is major benefit.
With online learning from ICLS you will be able to set your own schedule, although you
will still have
assignment deadlines each month.
The term "e-learning"
refers to the use of the internet to deliver course materials and facilitate
teacher-student interactions. Students use computers to access to online
lectures, course messaging boards, assignments, tutor comments and
You will receive the University of London
International Programmes Subject Guide (a "Resource Guide"), a major text
book for each subject, a book on "legal learning" and access to the VLE (Virtual
Learning Environment) to obtain many UK cases and/or statutes online. You do not receive
any teaching or day-to-day support. During the year the University of
London International Programmes will send you a "spring supplement" and
"examiner" reports offering updates on current cases or
legislation. The examiner reports are helpful in terms of what examiners
see as recurrent weaknesses with student exam papers. Outside of this,
you are on your own in terms of preparing for your law exams.
If you're not interested in entering the
legal profession, but prefer instead to use your law degree to enhance your
career, you can complete the LL.B. in two years under the Graduate Route Entry
Scheme A option if you already hold a University degree in another subject
area. You will save an entire year compared to the normal route. The only
qualification to this statement is that your prior University degree must be recognized
as such by the University of London International Programmes admissions committee.
who already hold a Undergraduate University degree who seek an education in law - but do not
desire to practice law - should consider enrolling in the Graduate Route Entry A or B
Graduate Scheme A or B is the
perfect option for candidates who seek to enrich their career with a law
degree, but do not wish to practice law. If you already have a
Undergraduate University degree (in any subject area),
you can apply to earn your LL.B. in two years (full time) or three years (part time)
with The University of London International Programmes in laws. To see the course
requirements for either Graduate Route Entry A or B,
I have direct contact with my Law Tutors?
do I need to apply at ICLS?
The sooner the better.
Your enrollment should ideally begin in September. See further comments on this
issue below. First year students are advised to enroll with ICLS starting
Is the tuition payable to ICLS at the time of application or once I receive
an acceptance letter?
Your tuition to
ICLS is payable with your application since your legal program will start
upon payment (usually within 24-48 hours after processing your application and
setting up your introduction package). No, you do not have to wait
for your acceptance letter from the University of London to start with us
so long as you are able to produce evidence of an application to the University of
London International Programmes in laws coupled with an evaluation of your
academic background by the ICLS admission staff.
How hard is it
to get accepted for US students?
If you already hold a University degree in another subject
area, your application for admission should be a formality. If you also
have an Associates Degree, again, you will be a strong
candidate. Two passed AP exams with a grade of at least "3" will
also meet the minimum requirements. The University of London will take
into account if you possess professional or career experience. If you only have a High School Diploma and no work experience, you
will not meet the education requirements for admissions.
Will the University of London law degree (LL.B.) earned under the University's
International Programmes Receive standing in Canada?
University of London
International Programmes Law (LL.B.) Graduates can receive advanced
standing for purposes of entering the legal profession in Canada, so long as
they meet the requirements set out by Canadian National Committee on
up to date comment by the Canadian National Committee on Accreditation
Do I pay The International Center for Legal Studies ("ICLS") for
University of London fees?
Remember, there are TWO institutions involved in your program when you
enroll with ICLS. You pay The ICLS fees directly to ICLS.
Payment of the University of London Internatiinoal Programmes fees are paid
directly to the University of London.
What reasons can you cite as preventing International Programmes students from
doing well on their University of London law examinations?
especially first year students, fail to reach their potential in the
exams because they apply so late in the process. For example, too many
students simply wait until the summer and up until September to apply.
What these students do not realize is that what normally takes 4-5 weeks to
process by the International Programmes admissions committee can take up to
two months to process for applications received during the summer crush.
In other words, students who apply in late summer may not receive an "offer"
from the University of London until late October or mid November. Even
with this "offer", students still need to register, receive their materials
and finally order their text books. By the time these students begin their
studies it could be December or even January! ICLS strongly
advises students to apply before June 30th in any given year.
as to why students do not do well are related to their "isolation" from other
students. Distance learning is a lonely venture, unless you're
connected to tutors and students.
Students simply spend too much time reading
and taking notes without applying their knowledge.
attempt the LL.B. degree completely on their own and do not realize until
the exams that their benchmark for success was too low.
Career and family
responsibilities also cause time management problems for students.
enrolled with ICLS can manage all of the above obstacles. We understand the
University of London degree standard and know what it will take for
you to succeed - we've been there and that's why we're here to make sure you
pass your exams the first time.